Applications of Data Science in Healthcare

Technological advancements in Data Science and Big Data have led to a revolution even in the field of healthcare. Since the amount of data being generated each moment in the domain of healthcare is enormous, big data applications, as well as data science technologies, are very much relevant today.Earlier, healthcare records used to be stored as hard copies, the practice of which has become more and more difficult to maintain since the amount of information to be stored is dynamically increasing each moment. Hence the need arose for a tool that can serve to gather, sort, safe-keep, and interpret enormous volumes of data.Healthcare DataThe different types of data that get created in a clinic or hospital can be classified into three.

Clinical Data

These are the prescriptions, medical notes made by nurses, pharmacists, and doctors, and also reports from the laboratory, medical imaging, insurance departments, and pharmacy.

Patient Data

This includes all the patient records which are stored electronically.

Sensor Data

These are the machine-generated data which are derived from monitors, website traffic, social media posts, emergency care data, articles in medical journals, and news feeds.The possibility of maintaining these health records electronically has literally revolutionized the healthcare domain. All aspects of clinical decision-making, as well as patient care, can be very much improved by the availability of structured data which can be easily tracked.Applications in Healthcare

Data Solutions

A comprehensive electronic health record (EHR) or electronic medical record (EMR) is one single file which could contain all the up to date clinical data, patient data as well as sensor data of each individual patient which can also be accessed across any network.

Anti-cancer therapy

Predictive analysis can be done using data science technologies so that habit patterns and pre-existing conditions can be used to predict the vulnerability of an individual to cancer.

Patient monitoring

Patients in intensive care units and emergency rooms are usually plugged into devices which have sensors to monitor continuously their blood pressure, respiratory rate, and heartbeat. Even though it is impossible for humans to keep consistent track of this, machines can be programmed to respond to even a slight change in the pattern.

Hospital Administration

Data science technologies and big data applications aid in providing a hassle-free flow in administrative processes. Healthcare providers have access to data from various sources and hence it becomes easier to plan and manage resources in the event of major epidemic outbreaks or even natural calamities.

Promoting Business Development

In the case of hospitals which are a part of medical tourism and corporate groups, data science helps in framing business plans to improve business. Smart solutions help in improving the profitability of hospitals for the management and staff, which indirectly improves the quality of patient care as well as customer satisfaction.

Fraud prevention and detection

Data science helps to prevent largely a wide range of human error which can happen in various stages of health care. Also, fraudulent insurance claims can be prevented.

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Healthcare Administration Employment – An Overview Of The Changing Trends

As per the records in the US Dept. of Labor, the demand for supervisors, managers, and administrators in the healthcare industry has gone up to unexpected levels, and there has been a constant increase in the same, and will hit a new high in the next few years. This condition is mainly due to the increase in number of patients, but the lesser number of staff per patient. The healthcare facilities have increased, and many officials are on the verge of retiring from work. This trend has been ruining the administration, and this has created many employment opportunities also.There are many other factors that are increasing the healthcare administration opportunities here in the US. Education is one key factor for that. There is not much important that the person must have studied every possible degree to get the job, but there are several vital courses that need to be mastered before a person sets foot in this industry. There are job opportunities for both the clinical and the non-clinical staff here in the healthcare industry. It is very important that a person understands the clinical background even for the management job that he is going to take up in the healthcare department. The unit manager of any hospital must have a clinical background as well as a training in the management industry, and must be good are budgeting, and must have an idea about human resource, and also good at inventory control. But the specialists who are in the healthcare administration will have very little idea about the clinical experience and its importance, but, they would have mastered several laws, policies, and other employment issues.Most of the healthcare vacancies will want people who are at least bachelors in any business or management courses. There are many advanced officials, who will certainly need a proper MBA degree in the related field, and they must have been in the healthcare field for quite sometime. There are other high positions that will even want people who have done their doctorate in the particular field in healthcare management.Health informatics is another field that has seen phenomenal growth in the recent years, and it is also a part of the healthcare administration employment. This field deals with the management of the electronic records that are available, and must link it with the hospital system. This is a course that is appended to the other healthcare management degrees, and the individual must be a Registered Health Information Administrator (RHIA).This is the present trend in the US when it comes to healthcare administration employment, and it sure needs people to keep the system going, and there are many healthcare institutions that would help students achieve their goal in this career which is much in need of employees.